What is the artificial method of chick hatching?

The artificial method of chick hatching involves performing the hatching process artificially, which means hatching eggs with an incubator machine where temperature, humidity, ventilation, and all necessary conditions required to hatch eggs are controlled. In the poultry farming industry, the art of chicken hatching has evolved significantly over time. When the natural method cannot fulfill the commercial demand of supplying chicks, artificial egg hatching techniques have become indispensable. Offering a large number of chickens for the commercial chicken industry, an egg incubator is an essential part of the poultry industry. In this blog, we will discuss the process of artificial chicken hatching methods.

1) Incubators

The incubator is the heart of the artificial method of egg hatching. These devices come in various shapes and sizes, from small tabletop models suitable for hobbyists to large-scale industrial units used in commercial hatcheries.

2) Temperature and Humidity control

Temperature and humidity are extremely important during incubation. Most modern incubators have digital thermostats and hygrometers. The optimal temperature for chicken egg incubation typically ranges from 99 to 101°F (37 to 38°C), with humidity levels maintained between 50% to 60%.

3) Automatic egg rotation

In the natural way, a broody hen rotates eggs with her beak or feet gently to distribute heat properly. Artificial incubators mimic this process through an automatic egg turning system. Egg rotation is very important to prevent embryos from sticking to the eggshell and maintain the growth process properly.

4) Monitoring and Troubleshooting

In the artificial egg hatching process, this feature helps to track eggs for any problems. It alerts with the conditions of temperature, humidity, and turning frequency. Some models even come with alarms to alert users in case of deviations from the optimal conditions. This enables prompt troubleshooting and intervention to maximize hatch rates.

5) Candling for progress evaluation

Candling is a common practice in artificial egg hatching, wherein a bright light or Candling Lamp is used to test the eggs. This allows operators to observe the development of the embryos and detect any abnormalities or signs of infertility. Candling is typically performed at regular intervals throughout the incubation period, providing valuable insights into the progress of the hatch.

6) Biosecurity measures

In commercial hatcheries, stringent biosecurity measures are implemented to prevent the spread of diseases and ensure the health and safety of the hatchlings. This includes thorough sanitation protocols, strict control of personnel and equipment movements, and adherence to industry standards and regulations.

7) Post-hatch care

Once the eggs hatch, the newly emerged chicks require careful attention and care. They are typically transferred to brooders equipped with heat lamps or heating pads to maintain optimal temperature levels. Fresh water and specially formulated chick starter feed are provided to support their growth and development.

8) Innovation and future trends

The field of artificial egg hatching continues to evolve with ongoing advancements in technology and research. From improved incubator designs to innovative techniques for enhancing hatchability and chick quality, the future holds exciting possibilities for further optimizing the artificial hatching process.

In conclusion, artificial egg hatching helps to grow the commercial chicken industry. The artificial techniques have revolutionized the poultry industry, enabling greater productivity and sustainability. Whether you’re a backyard enthusiast or a commercial producer, understanding the intricacies of artificial egg hatching opens up a world of possibilities for nurturing and expanding your flock with confidence and precision.